Source code for discord.opus

"""
The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2015-2021 Rapptz
Copyright (c) 2021-present Pycord Development

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER
DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
"""

from __future__ import annotations

import array
import ctypes
import ctypes.util
import gc
import logging
import math
import os.path
import struct
import sys
import threading
import time
from typing import TYPE_CHECKING, Any, Callable, Literal, TypedDict, TypeVar

from .errors import DiscordException
from .sinks import RawData

if TYPE_CHECKING:
    T = TypeVar("T")
    BAND_CTL = Literal["narrow", "medium", "wide", "superwide", "full"]
    SIGNAL_CTL = Literal["auto", "voice", "music"]


class BandCtl(TypedDict):
    narrow: int
    medium: int
    wide: int
    superwide: int
    full: int


class SignalCtl(TypedDict):
    auto: int
    voice: int
    music: int


__all__ = (
    "Encoder",
    "Decoder",
    "DecodeManager",
    "OpusError",
    "OpusNotLoaded",
)

_log = logging.getLogger(__name__)

c_int_ptr = ctypes.POINTER(ctypes.c_int)
c_int16_ptr = ctypes.POINTER(ctypes.c_int16)
c_float_ptr = ctypes.POINTER(ctypes.c_float)

_lib = None


class EncoderStruct(ctypes.Structure):
    pass


class DecoderStruct(ctypes.Structure):
    pass


EncoderStructPtr = ctypes.POINTER(EncoderStruct)
DecoderStructPtr = ctypes.POINTER(DecoderStruct)

# Some constants from opus_defines.h

# Error codes
OK = 0
BAD_ARG = -1

# Encoder CTLs
APPLICATION_AUDIO = 2049
APPLICATION_VOIP = 2048
APPLICATION_LOWDELAY = 2051

CTL_SET_BITRATE = 4002
CTL_SET_BANDWIDTH = 4008
CTL_SET_FEC = 4012
CTL_SET_PLP = 4014
CTL_SET_SIGNAL = 4024

# Decoder CTLs
CTL_SET_GAIN = 4034
CTL_LAST_PACKET_DURATION = 4039

band_ctl: BandCtl = {
    "narrow": 1101,
    "medium": 1102,
    "wide": 1103,
    "superwide": 1104,
    "full": 1105,
}

signal_ctl: SignalCtl = {
    "auto": -1000,
    "voice": 3001,
    "music": 3002,
}


def _err_lt(result: int, func: Callable, args: list) -> int:
    if result < OK:
        _log.info("error has happened in %s", func.__name__)
        raise OpusError(result)
    return result


def _err_ne(result: T, func: Callable, args: list) -> T:
    ret = args[-1]._obj
    if ret.value != OK:
        _log.info("error has happened in %s", func.__name__)
        raise OpusError(ret.value)
    return result


# A list of exported functions.
# The first argument is obviously the name.
# The second one are the types of arguments it takes.
# The third is the result type.
# The fourth is the error handler.
exported_functions: list[tuple[Any, ...]] = [
    # Generic
    ("opus_get_version_string", None, ctypes.c_char_p, None),
    ("opus_strerror", [ctypes.c_int], ctypes.c_char_p, None),
    # Encoder functions
    ("opus_encoder_get_size", [ctypes.c_int], ctypes.c_int, None),
    (
        "opus_encoder_create",
        [ctypes.c_int, ctypes.c_int, ctypes.c_int, c_int_ptr],
        EncoderStructPtr,
        _err_ne,
    ),
    (
        "opus_encode",
        [EncoderStructPtr, c_int16_ptr, ctypes.c_int, ctypes.c_char_p, ctypes.c_int32],
        ctypes.c_int32,
        _err_lt,
    ),
    (
        "opus_encode_float",
        [EncoderStructPtr, c_float_ptr, ctypes.c_int, ctypes.c_char_p, ctypes.c_int32],
        ctypes.c_int32,
        _err_lt,
    ),
    ("opus_encoder_ctl", None, ctypes.c_int32, _err_lt),
    ("opus_encoder_destroy", [EncoderStructPtr], None, None),
    # Decoder functions
    ("opus_decoder_get_size", [ctypes.c_int], ctypes.c_int, None),
    (
        "opus_decoder_create",
        [ctypes.c_int, ctypes.c_int, c_int_ptr],
        DecoderStructPtr,
        _err_ne,
    ),
    (
        "opus_decode",
        [
            DecoderStructPtr,
            ctypes.c_char_p,
            ctypes.c_int32,
            c_int16_ptr,
            ctypes.c_int,
            ctypes.c_int,
        ],
        ctypes.c_int,
        _err_lt,
    ),
    (
        "opus_decode_float",
        [
            DecoderStructPtr,
            ctypes.c_char_p,
            ctypes.c_int32,
            c_float_ptr,
            ctypes.c_int,
            ctypes.c_int,
        ],
        ctypes.c_int,
        _err_lt,
    ),
    ("opus_decoder_ctl", None, ctypes.c_int32, _err_lt),
    ("opus_decoder_destroy", [DecoderStructPtr], None, None),
    (
        "opus_decoder_get_nb_samples",
        [DecoderStructPtr, ctypes.c_char_p, ctypes.c_int32],
        ctypes.c_int,
        _err_lt,
    ),
    # Packet functions
    ("opus_packet_get_bandwidth", [ctypes.c_char_p], ctypes.c_int, _err_lt),
    ("opus_packet_get_nb_channels", [ctypes.c_char_p], ctypes.c_int, _err_lt),
    (
        "opus_packet_get_nb_frames",
        [ctypes.c_char_p, ctypes.c_int],
        ctypes.c_int,
        _err_lt,
    ),
    (
        "opus_packet_get_samples_per_frame",
        [ctypes.c_char_p, ctypes.c_int],
        ctypes.c_int,
        _err_lt,
    ),
]


def libopus_loader(name: str) -> Any:
    # create the library...
    lib = ctypes.cdll.LoadLibrary(name)

    # register the functions...
    for item in exported_functions:
        func = getattr(lib, item[0])

        try:
            if item[1]:
                func.argtypes = item[1]

            func.restype = item[2]
        except KeyError:
            pass

        try:
            if item[3]:
                func.errcheck = item[3]
        except KeyError:
            _log.exception("Error assigning check function to %s", func)

    return lib


def _load_default() -> bool:
    global _lib
    try:
        if sys.platform == "win32":
            _basedir = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))
            _bitness = struct.calcsize("P") * 8
            _target = "x64" if _bitness > 32 else "x86"
            _filename = os.path.join(_basedir, "bin", f"libopus-0.{_target}.dll")
            _lib = libopus_loader(_filename)
        else:
            _lib = libopus_loader(ctypes.util.find_library("opus"))
    except Exception:
        _lib = None

    return _lib is not None


[docs]def load_opus(name: str) -> None: """Loads the libopus shared library for use with voice. If this function is not called then the library uses the function :func:`ctypes.util.find_library` and then loads that one if available. Not loading a library and attempting to use PCM based AudioSources will lead to voice not working. This function propagates the exceptions thrown. .. warning:: The bitness of the library must match the bitness of your python interpreter. If the library is 64-bit then your python interpreter must be 64-bit as well. Usually if there's a mismatch in bitness then the load will throw an exception. .. note:: On Windows, this function should not need to be called as the binaries are automatically loaded. .. note:: On Windows, the .dll extension is not necessary. However, on Linux the full extension is required to load the library, e.g. ``libopus.so.1``. On Linux however, :func:`ctypes.util.find_library` will usually find the library automatically without you having to call this. Parameters ---------- name: :class:`str` The filename of the shared library. """ global _lib _lib = libopus_loader(name)
[docs]def is_loaded() -> bool: """Function to check if opus lib is successfully loaded either via the :func:`ctypes.util.find_library` call of :func:`load_opus`. This must return ``True`` for voice to work. Returns ------- :class:`bool` Indicates if the opus library has been loaded. """ global _lib return _lib is not None
[docs]class OpusError(DiscordException): """An exception that is thrown for libopus related errors. Attributes ---------- code: :class:`int` The error code returned. """ def __init__(self, code: int): self.code: int = code msg = _lib.opus_strerror(self.code).decode("utf-8") _log.info('"%s" has happened', msg) super().__init__(msg)
[docs]class OpusNotLoaded(DiscordException): """An exception that is thrown for when libopus is not loaded."""
class _OpusStruct: SAMPLING_RATE = 48000 CHANNELS = 2 FRAME_LENGTH = 20 # in milliseconds SAMPLE_SIZE = struct.calcsize("h") * CHANNELS SAMPLES_PER_FRAME = int(SAMPLING_RATE / 1000 * FRAME_LENGTH) FRAME_SIZE = SAMPLES_PER_FRAME * SAMPLE_SIZE @staticmethod def get_opus_version() -> str: if not is_loaded() and not _load_default(): raise OpusNotLoaded() return _lib.opus_get_version_string().decode("utf-8") class Encoder(_OpusStruct): def __init__(self, application: int = APPLICATION_AUDIO): _OpusStruct.get_opus_version() self.application: int = application self._state: EncoderStruct = self._create_state() self.set_bitrate(128) self.set_fec(True) self.set_expected_packet_loss_percent(0.15) self.set_bandwidth("full") self.set_signal_type("auto") def __del__(self) -> None: if hasattr(self, "_state"): _lib.opus_encoder_destroy(self._state) # This is a destructor, so it's okay to assign None self._state = None # type: ignore def _create_state(self) -> EncoderStruct: ret = ctypes.c_int() return _lib.opus_encoder_create( self.SAMPLING_RATE, self.CHANNELS, self.application, ctypes.byref(ret) ) def set_bitrate(self, kbps: int) -> int: kbps = min(512, max(16, int(kbps))) _lib.opus_encoder_ctl(self._state, CTL_SET_BITRATE, kbps * 1024) return kbps def set_bandwidth(self, req: BAND_CTL) -> None: if req not in band_ctl: raise KeyError( f"{req!r} is not a valid bandwidth setting. Try one of:" f' {",".join(band_ctl)}' ) k = band_ctl[req] _lib.opus_encoder_ctl(self._state, CTL_SET_BANDWIDTH, k) def set_signal_type(self, req: SIGNAL_CTL) -> None: if req not in signal_ctl: raise KeyError( f"{req!r} is not a valid bandwidth setting. Try one of:" f' {",".join(signal_ctl)}' ) k = signal_ctl[req] _lib.opus_encoder_ctl(self._state, CTL_SET_SIGNAL, k) def set_fec(self, enabled: bool = True) -> None: _lib.opus_encoder_ctl(self._state, CTL_SET_FEC, 1 if enabled else 0) def set_expected_packet_loss_percent(self, percentage: float) -> None: _lib.opus_encoder_ctl(self._state, CTL_SET_PLP, min(100, max(0, int(percentage * 100)))) # type: ignore def encode(self, pcm: bytes, frame_size: int) -> bytes: max_data_bytes = len(pcm) # bytes can be used to reference pointer pcm_ptr = ctypes.cast(pcm, c_int16_ptr) # type: ignore data = (ctypes.c_char * max_data_bytes)() ret = _lib.opus_encode(self._state, pcm_ptr, frame_size, data, max_data_bytes) # array can be initialized with bytes but mypy doesn't know return array.array("b", data[:ret]).tobytes() # type: ignore class Decoder(_OpusStruct): def __init__(self): _OpusStruct.get_opus_version() self._state = self._create_state() def __del__(self): if hasattr(self, "_state"): _lib.opus_decoder_destroy(self._state) self._state = None def _create_state(self): ret = ctypes.c_int() return _lib.opus_decoder_create( self.SAMPLING_RATE, self.CHANNELS, ctypes.byref(ret) ) @staticmethod def packet_get_nb_frames(data): """Gets the number of frames in an Opus packet""" return _lib.opus_packet_get_nb_frames(data, len(data)) @staticmethod def packet_get_nb_channels(data): """Gets the number of channels in an Opus packet""" return _lib.opus_packet_get_nb_channels(data) @classmethod def packet_get_samples_per_frame(cls, data): """Gets the number of samples per frame from an Opus packet""" return _lib.opus_packet_get_samples_per_frame(data, cls.SAMPLING_RATE) def _set_gain(self, adjustment): """Configures decoder gain adjustment. Scales the decoded output by a factor specified in Q8 dB units. This has a maximum range of -32768 to 32767 inclusive, and returns OPUS_BAD_ARG (-1) otherwise. The default is zero indicating no adjustment. This setting survives decoder reset (irrelevant for now). gain = 10**x/(20.0*256) (from opus_defines.h) """ return _lib.opus_decoder_ctl(self._state, CTL_SET_GAIN, adjustment) def set_gain(self, dB): """Sets the decoder gain in dB, from -128 to 128.""" dB_Q8 = max(-32768, min(32767, round(dB * 256))) # dB * 2^n where n is 8 (Q8) return self._set_gain(dB_Q8) def set_volume(self, mult): """Sets the output volume as a float percent, i.e. 0.5 for 50%, 1.75 for 175%, etc.""" return self.set_gain(20 * math.log10(mult)) # amplitude ratio def _get_last_packet_duration(self): """Gets the duration (in samples) of the last packet successfully decoded or concealed.""" ret = ctypes.c_int32() _lib.opus_decoder_ctl(self._state, CTL_LAST_PACKET_DURATION, ctypes.byref(ret)) return ret.value def decode(self, data, *, fec=False): if data is None and fec: raise OpusError("Invalid arguments: FEC cannot be used with null data") if data is None: frame_size = self._get_last_packet_duration() or self.SAMPLES_PER_FRAME channel_count = self.CHANNELS else: frames = self.packet_get_nb_frames(data) channel_count = self.CHANNELS samples_per_frame = self.packet_get_samples_per_frame(data) frame_size = frames * samples_per_frame pcm = ( ctypes.c_int16 * (frame_size * channel_count * ctypes.sizeof(ctypes.c_int16)) )() pcm_ptr = ctypes.cast(pcm, c_int16_ptr) ret = _lib.opus_decode( self._state, data, len(data) if data else 0, pcm_ptr, frame_size, fec ) return array.array("h", pcm[: ret * channel_count]).tobytes() class DecodeManager(threading.Thread, _OpusStruct): def __init__(self, client): super().__init__(daemon=True, name="DecodeManager") self.client = client self.decode_queue = [] self.decoder = {} self._end_thread = threading.Event() def decode(self, opus_frame): if not isinstance(opus_frame, RawData): raise TypeError("opus_frame should be a RawData object.") self.decode_queue.append(opus_frame) def run(self): while not self._end_thread.is_set(): try: data = self.decode_queue.pop(0) except IndexError: time.sleep(0.001) continue try: if data.decrypted_data is None: continue else: data.decoded_data = self.get_decoder(data.ssrc).decode( data.decrypted_data ) except OpusError: print("Error occurred while decoding opus frame.") continue self.client.recv_decoded_audio(data) def stop(self): while self.decoding: time.sleep(0.1) self.decoder = {} gc.collect() print("Decoder Process Killed") self._end_thread.set() def get_decoder(self, ssrc): d = self.decoder.get(ssrc) if d is not None: return d self.decoder[ssrc] = Decoder() return self.decoder[ssrc] @property def decoding(self): return bool(self.decode_queue)